View From The Summit

Biblical and theologically informed thoughts on life, culture and current issues.

Fav Christmas Music - Week 3

Almost all of us enjoy music during the Christmas season (as long as it doesn't start to early). For me, music has been a vehicle for personal meditation on the theological and thematic richness of the Messiah's birth. Every year I look forward to pressing play on several unique musical projects and individual songs that have impacted me over the years. Leading up to Christmas I'll share one of these resources each week with you!
Andrew Peterson is one of the most gifted singer-songwriters in Christian music. Andrew's skill as a writer and storyteller has been put to use beyond the the realm of music in his epic young adult novel series The Wingfeather Saga. But in his Christmas album, Behold the Lamb, that same love for story is on display as Andrew uses song to tell God's redemptive story. The album is an integrated project, not just a collection of songs. Everything ties together to tell the unfolding tale of what God is doing in history in and through a baby in a manger.
The album opens with an invitation to "Gather 'Round" and listen to the "old, old story / of the power of death undone / by an infant born of glory." The story itself begins through the eyes of Israel in bondage in Egypt. In Track 2, Israel cries out for God's judgment to pass over them. "So Long Moses" follows Israel out of Egypt, through the Exodus, and into the Promised Land. Through Joshua and the Monarchy and into exile, Israel longs for a king "full of power, with a sword in his fist." A King is coming like this, but unexpectedly Isaiah declares that "he'll bear no beauty or glory" but instead will be "crushed for our evils / our punishment feel / by his wounds / we will be healed." 
As Israel returns from exile, they are back in their land but still under foreign powers. Track 4 highlights this: "Imprisoned here / we dwell in our own land." Peterson does an incredible job painting the biblical story of Israel through their return from exile all the way to the beginning of the New Testament. Israel was back in the land, the temple was rebuilt, but nothing was as they expected it. It seem like God had forgotten the promises he'd spoken through the prophets. Israel was still waiting for God's promised deliverance. 
This moment of tension and transition in the biblical story is bridged in the album by an amazing instrumental arrangement of "O Come, O Come Emmanuel." The guitar playing is fabulous on this track and is a unique take on a traditional carol repurposed as an intermission between the Old and New Testament stories.
The second half of the Behold the Lamb opens in track 6 with "Matthew's Begats". The song is a fun, folksly rendition of Matthew's genealogy. It's amazing that Andrew is even able to pronounce all the names in this song! "It Came To Pass" (Track 7) begins to tell the story of Jesus' birth through Luke's gospel. The following song, "Labor of Love" is one of my personal favorites on the album and gives a gritty authenticity to Mary's experience in the birth of the Messiah. "It was a labor of pain / It was a cold sky above / But for the girl on the ground in the dark / With every beat of her beautiful heart / It was a labor of love." The shepherds follow in the story with "While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks".
The album ends with two tracks that bring to a conclusion the meaning of the Christmas story. The album's title track "Behold the Lamb of God" poetically parallels the "sin of man" with the "Lamb of God" who takes away that sin. The final song, "The Theme of My Song" brings a fitting end to the album, drawing together pieces from many of the album's previous tracks. Where the call as the album opened was to "gather 'round, ye children, come." Here, as the story ties together, it is, "rejoice, ye children, sing.... for the brave little boy is our Savior."
Andrew Peterson performs this Christmas project as a complete concert each year in Nashville, and I would love to go see it one year. This album is by far my favorite Christmas album to listen to, but it's not something you just turn on in the background while you're opening presents, or that you can listen to only one or two songs from. The album truly is a complete work and is best listened to that way. Peterson's ability to draw together the entire biblical story of God's saving work through a baby in a manger is amazing. I hope in listening to this project you will be as blessed and encouraged as I have been. I pray you too will "behold the Lamb" in all his glory.
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Fav Christmas Music - Week 2

Almost all of us enjoy music during the Christmas season (as long as it doesn't start to early). For me, music has been a vehicle for personal meditation on the theological and thematic richness of the Messiah's birth. Every year I look forward to pressing play on several unique musical projects and individual songs that have impacted me over the years. Leading up to Christmas I'll share one of these resources each week with you!

I'm increasingly enjoying the music of Portland-based singer-songwriter Josh Garrels. His musical style isn't suited to everyone's tastes, but his songwriting ability is unquestionable. Last year Josh released his first full Christmas album, "The Light Came Down" and it is chock-full of great songs for Advent meditation.

The album opens with the title track, "The Light Came Down." Considering Jesus' arrival as a light shining in the darkness is both a robustly biblical and eminently meaningful way to think about the incarnation. Josh simply and powerfully draws this meaning out in his lyrics: 
There is a light 
Bright star shining 
In the dark night 
Old tales come true 

All of our fears 

Hopes and prayers 
He has heard 
And answered us 
"Shepherd's Song," the album's seventh track, highlights Josh's gifts as a poet. Through the song's three verses he weaves themes of "pain and blood," loving arms, and parenthood as he walks from Jesus' birth story to our salvation story.
This begins with a breath 
From the waters you were blessed 
Pushing through the pain and blood 
Into the arms of love 
And your mother's face above 

Before you came she was afraid 
In the night she cried and prayed 
Oh God am I strong enough, 
To be the arms of love 
To be the mother of this son 

O Beautiful one; 
My child my son 
We rejoice 
From generation 
To generation 
We rejoice 

All, like sheep, have gone astray 
But you will call them back one day 
By the marks of pain and blood 
Back to the arms of love; 
The good Father's face above 

The album also has many re-done traditional carols from "What Child is This?" and "O Come, O Come Emmanuel," to "Silent Night" and "O Holy Night." 

Though not complex lyrically, one of my favorite songs on the album is "Hosanna," a song built out of the songs the angels sing of God in Luke 2 and other places in Scripture. You can listen to the song on Youtube below. Make sure to check out the entire album on Bandcamp too!


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Fav Christmas Music - Week 1

Almost all of us enjoy music during the Christmas season (as long as it doesn't start to early). For me, music has been a vehicle for personal meditation on the theological and thematic richness of the Messiah's birth. Every year I look forward to pressing play on several unique musical projects and individual songs that have impacted me over the years. Leading up to Christmas I'll share one of these resources each week with you!
Sovereign Grace's Prepare Him Room album is one of my favorite newer Christmas albums. Several original songs on the album are full of biblical and theological beauty. The second song on the album, "He Who Is Mighty" reworks Mary's song of praise in the Magnificat of Luke 1:46-56. One of my favorite lines comes in the song, "Who Would Have Dreamed": "Who would have dreamed, or ever foreseen, that we could hold God in our hands?" "Prepare Him Room", the album's title track, presses on us the need to make space in our busy, self-focused lives for the Savior. I love the last verse of the song as it looks forward from Jesus' birth to his resurrection:

"Oh, our hearts, as busy as Bethlehem
Hear Him knock, don't say there's no room in the inn
Through the cradle, cross, and grave
See the love of God displayed
Now He's risen and He reigns
Praise the Name above all names!"

Listen to the album on Bandcamp, or through the Youtube Playlist below:
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Put Not Your Trust In Princes

Put Not Your Trust In Princes


This special post is the transcript from Pastor Mike's special exhortation and prayer from our Sunday gathering on October 30th. You can watch the video at the bottom of the page.

I don't think anyone who has followed the election year antics and rhetoric in 2016 would argue with the proposition that this has been not only the strangest election year in decades, but possibly the most polarizing, divisive and at times, downright disgusting display we have ever seen in the world of politics. One meme I saw recently sums it up well: 2016: The year when a president is elected solely based on being less criminally insane than their opponent, and it is still too close to tell. More than ever, this campaign season has been marked by such vitriolic partisanship that polite, reasoned conversation over political issues is impossible. To say that you support one candidate or the other puts you immediately on the opposition's hate list.

There have been many responses to the choices before us in November. There is what I call the chicken little component. Whichever candidate is put forth as the best candidate for the job, it draws immediate claims from the opposition that either Armageddon will commence or tyranny will rob us of our liberty. If Trump gets elected, the sky will fall. If Clinton gets elected, the sky will fall. Either result brings disaster. And both candidates are viewed as some kind of political savior from the other.

And then you have those who argue that since no presidential candidate has ever been the ultimate, pristine example of moral or spiritual rectitude, we should simply hold our noses while we vote for the best of two weevils, as Commander Alan Aubrey once noted. As columnist P. J. O’Rourke wrote: “I am endorsing Hillary, and all her lies and all her empty promises. . . . She’s wrong about absolutely everything, but she’s wrong within normal parameters.”1

You also have those who are so thoroughly disgusted by the whole thing they simply opt out of voting. Concerns over horror stories about voter fraud, despair over fears that the election is somehow rigged in favor of the candidate they don't like, despondency over the lack of qualified candidates, or simply surrendering to the notion that in spite of everything, their vote won't count, a lot of people are walking away from the election process. Over it all, especially in Christian circles, there seems to be a kind of fear that if we lose this election, (whether you champion a Clinton win or a Trump win) everything will go to hell in a hand basket. There seems to be an unhealthy reliance on, and unrealistic expectations for, a human institution, that works to nullify the promises of God.

What I want to say about this election is that whatever your persuasion, Jesus must not become small in our eyes. The fear of what may happen must not either paralyze us into inaction nor lead us to demonize those who do not agree with our politics, nor cause us to make choices that are antithetical to the gospel we proclaim or the God we serve. The world must not become bigger than God in our eyes. The fear, worry and anxiety over the outcome of this or any election should not cause us to lose a sense of who we are as the people of God – strangers and aliens in the world and citizens of heaven, who serve the sovereign Lord of history. We can therefore, confidently vote the dictates of our conscience, and leave the consequences to Him.

Listen to the word of the Lord: Put not your trust in princes, in a son of man, in whom there is no salvation. 4 When his breath departs, he returns to the earth; on that very day his plans perish. 5 Blessed is he whose help is the God of Jacob, whose hope is in the LORD his God, 6 who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, who keeps faith forever; 7 who executes justice for the oppressed, who gives food to the hungry. The LORD sets the prisoners free; 8 the LORD opens the eyes of the blind. The LORD lifts up those who are bowed down; the LORD loves the righteous. 9 The LORD watches over the sojourners; he upholds the widow and the fatherless, but the way of the wicked he brings to ruin. 10 The LORD will reign forever, your God, O Zion, to all generations. Praise the LORD! (Psalm 146:3-10)

In these days before the election, all of us should hold on to this hope—not in a candidate or a political process, but in the sovereign Lord who reigns over it all. We do not serve idols. We serve the living God.

Our gracious God and Sovereign Lord,

You are the one who made heaven and earth, the sea and all that is in them. You stand over all the twists and turns of history; You change times and seasons; You remove kings and set up kings; You give wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding; You reveal deep and hidden things; You know what is in the darkness,and the light dwells with You.

Grant us a deep and lasting trust in You, especially in these days. Turn our worry and our fears and our anxious thoughts into fervent prayer to You. Let us not be shaken by thoughts of what might be, but let us be strengthened by the knowledge of who You are. May we know the meaning of living in the world but not being of the world; of being actively engaged in the world but having our lives hidden with Christ in God; and rendering to Caesar the things that are Caesars and to God the things that are God's. Let our love for You overflow in kindness to all, especially to those who hate us.

Grant that we would treasure Jesus Christ above all, and tell everyone of His rule and reign over all leaders and all nations, of His kingdom that knows no end, and of His loving-kindness and compassion. Let us tell the oppressed of the justice of God; let us tell those who hunger of the God who satisfies every need; let us tell the downtrodden and the prisoner of the God who sets them free; let us tell those who despair that God will one day right every wrong and wipe away every tear; and that long after this country is a footnote in the history of the world, God will reign with His redeemed people from every tribe and tongue and nation. Let us be those who delight in God through Jesus Christ, spreading His joy through the gospel to all people we pray in the name of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ, Amen.



Watch the video below:


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Bonhoeffer on Life Together in Community

Bonhoeffer on Life Together in Community

The past couple of weeks I've been rereading Dietrich Bonhoeffer's classic work on community: Life Together. The book is a treasure chest of riches, full of gems on the meaning and purpose of Christian community. One of my favorite sections is where Bonhoeffer talks about members of a community "meeting one another as bringers of the message of salvation." We talk a lot at Summit about being "gospel-centered." What Bonhoeffer writes in this section unpacks and applies what that actually means as we love and care for each other in the context of deep, authentic community. What do Bonhoeffer's words mean for our community groups? Our friendships? Our interaction after we gather for worship on Sundays?


     "First, the Christian is the man who no longer seeks his salvation, his deliverance, his justification in himself, but in Jesus Christ alone. He knows that God’s Word in Jesus Christ pronounces him guilty, even when he does not feel his guilt, and God’s Word in Jesus Christ pronounces him not guilty and righteous, even when he does not feel that he is righteous at all. The Christian no longer lives of himself, by his own claims and his own justification, but by God’s claims and God’s justification. He lives wholly by God’s Word pronounced upon him, whether that Word declares him guilty or innocent.

    The death and the life of the Christian is not determined by his own resources; rather he finds both only in the Word that comes to him from the outside, in God’s Word to him. The Reformers expressed it this way: Our righteousness is an “alien righteousness,” a righteousness that comes from outside of us. They were saying that the Christian is dependent on the Word of God spoken to him. He is pointed outward, to the Word that comes to him. The Christian lives wholly by the truth of God’s Word in Jesus Christ. If somebody asks him, Where is your salvation, your righteousness? he can never point to himself. He points to the Word of God in Jesus Christ, which assures him salvation and righteousness. He is as alert as possible to this Word. Because he daily hungers and thirsts for righteousness, he daily desires the redeeming Word. And it can come only from the outside. In himself he is destitute and dead. Help must come from the outside, and it has come and comes daily and anew in the Word of Jesus Christ, bringing redemption, righteousness, innocence, and blessedness.

    But God has put this Word into the mouth of men in order that it may be communicated to other men. When one person is struck by the Word, he speaks it to others. God has willed that we should seek and find His living Word in the witness of a brother, in the mouth of man. Therefore, the Christian needs another Christian who speaks God’s Word to him. He needs him again and again when he becomes uncertain and discouraged, for by himself he cannot help himself without belying the truth. He needs his brother man as a bearer and proclaimer of the divine word of salvation. He needs his brother solely because of Jesus Christ. The Christ in his own heart is weaker than the Christ in the word of his brother; his own heart is uncertain, his brother’s is sure.

    And that also clarifies the goal of all Christian community: they meet one another as bringers of the message of salvation. As such, God permits them to meet together and gives them community. Their fellowship is founded solely upon Jesus Christ and this “alien righteousness.” All we can say, therefore, is: the community of Christians springs solely from the Biblical and Reformation message of the justification of man through grace alone; this alone is the basis of the longing of Christians for one another."


Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Life Together: the Classic Exploration of Christian in Community (New York: HarperOne, 2009).

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Habits of Grace -- Chapter 18 Study Questions

Habits of Grace -- Chapter 18 Study Questions


Chapter 18 Study Questions

1. In the first few paragraphs in the section "Give the Blessing of Rebuke," I said that one of the most loving things we can do for someone is tell them when they're in the wrong. Write your response to that statement.

2. Review the section "Seek to Sympathize." What does the term "the Golden Rule of Rebuke" mean? How does keeping this Golden Rule in mind motivate you to graciously initiate a rebuke or correction toward a brother or sister in Christ when you observe some misdeed or sinful tendency?

3. Carefully read Matthew 18:15-17; Hebrews 3:12-13; Luke 17:3-4; 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15 and James 5:19-20. Record your observations related to giving the blessing of rebuke in loving humility. Note in particular how each text makes restoration the aim of correction.

4. Perhaps you have experienced that awkward moment as you offer a word of correction to someone. Or maybe you have experienced the inner turmoil of needing to provide a word of correction, but something kept you from it. Identify and describe a particular experience. Include why you chose to correct or why you didn't.

5. Your personality and particular wiring affect whether confrontation is easy or difficult for you. And all of us are conditioned by our society, which makes us less likely to embrace the awkward moment of rebuke. Explain how your personality and society's influence affect your willingness to give correction to a Christian brother or sister.

6. Scan back over the seven steps in the section "Give the Blessing of Rebuke."

     a.) Draw a horizontal line on a piece of paper. Write "Easy" on one end of the line and "Difficult" on the other. Add some points along the line. Choose a few of the seven steps and label the points along your line with these steps to show which are easier and which are harder for you.

     b.) Explain how this information will affect the way you will pray when you realize the need to rebuke a fellow Christian.

7. In light of James 5:19-20, consider your own life and the lives of those in Christ around you. Perhaps there was a time in your life when you were wandering, and someone, serving as a God-appointed means of grace to bring you back, spoke words of rebuke to you. Identify those in your life right now who are wandering. Consider whether God may be calling you to lovingly and humbly speak a kind, clear word of rebuke. Write your prayer for restoration on a piece of paper or in your journal.



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Habits of Grace -- Week 9 (The Blessing of Rebuke)

Habits of Grace -- Week 9 (The Blessing of Rebuke)


This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Eden Song shares his reflections on Chapter 18. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.

 In Chapter 18 of Habits of Grace, David Mathis explains how rebuking, when done properly, is an act of love that could prevent someone from continuing in a destructive path.
If we were all mature, super-holy Christians, rebuke would probably not be necessary. We would all confess our sins to one another rather than persisting in them. However, as long as we are in this world tainted by sin and our bodies waiting for redemption, we will have blind spots (sometimes serious ones) which would need to be brought to our attention by fellow Christians. In this sense, the habit of loving rebuke is a gift to the church where our sins are exposed, and where we invite others to help us in our journey of repentance and healing.
Mathis points out a few practical tips in how we are to rebuke our brothers and sisters:
1. First check your own heart.
2. Seek to sympathize.
3. Pray for restoration.
4. Be quick.
5. Be kind.
6. Be specific.
7. Follow up.
When I was a junior in college, one of my professors challenged the class to a three-day media fast. So I did. As an arrogant college kid, I didn’t understand my professor’s point and wrote a reflection paper on how useless the media fast was.

After a few days, I got my paper back, and the professor had written on it:
“Reflect on your pride… Come talk to me.”
Those words stunned me. I did not expect the professor would confront my pride like that! In the next few days, the phrase “reflect on your pride” echoed throughout my head as I walked to classes, ate meals in the dining hall, and did my homework.

What the professor said about me was true, and I was forced to face my problem and deal with it. When I finally went to talk to the professor in her office, she showed me so much grace and love. I knew she rebuked me not out of self-righteousness, but out of kindness and concern.

Though I am far from being humble, my professor’s rebuke initiated a change in me that I still carry to this day. No one likes to be told what we are doing is wrong. But I pray we will have the humility to listen to the rebuke of others, and also rebuke others lovingly when the Holy Spirit prompts us to.


//Eden Song//

Follower of Jesus. A native of South Korea. Proud husband and dad. Student at Fuller Seminary.

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Habits of Grace -- Week 9

Habits of Grace -- Week 9


This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Eden Song shares his reflections on Chapter 17. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.

Growing Up Around The Table

I grew up under a denomination where children under thirteen were not allowed to partake in the Lord’s Supper. I was baptized as an infant, but until I made a personal confession of faith before the church at age thirteen, I simply had to watch others partake in the meal.

As a child, I didn’t quite understand why I wasn’t allowed to partake in the Table; after all, remembering the death of Christ with a small plastic cup of wine and a piece of bread seemed pretty cool to me. I wanted to be part of that celebration, but I didn’t understand the full meaning of the Lord’s Supper until I got older.

Community At The Table

In his chapter, “Grow in Grace at the Table,” David Mathis points out four aspects of the Lord’s Supper. We approach the Table with seriousness, rehearsing the gospel, proclaiming Jesus’ death, and foreshadowing the feast to come.

An aspect of the Lord’s Supper I want to highlight here however, is its communal nature. The Supper is a lot more than just an individual event where one confesses their sins and remembers the death of Christ. Though confession and remembrance are definitely elements in the Lord’s Supper, the Table is to be a corporate event where believers gather together in unity and celebrate His death as a church body.

The context of Paul’s instruction in 1 Cor. 11 clues us into this purpose of the Table. When the church in Corinth gathered to celebrate the Table together, there were factions and divisions among them. Paul wrote rebuking them for missing the heart of the Lord’s Supper:

When you come together, it is not the Lord's supper that you eat.  For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal. One goes hungry,  another gets drunk.  What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise  the church of God and humiliate those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I commend you in this? No, I will not. (1 Cor 11: 20-22).

Apparently, Paul was not very pleased with how the Corinthian Christians were celebrating the Lord’s Supper.

Historic Disunity

It is important to remember that the celebration of the Meal during Paul’s time was probably not just dipping a morsel of bread in wine and eating it. It was actually a full-fledged celebration. However, rather than remembering the death of Christ as a community, those who were wealthy were eating extravagant meals while those who were poor were eating scraps. Some people did not even bother to wait for the rest of the community and just partook of the meal themselves. Partaking in the meal was a cause of division among the Corinthians. Moreover, it became an occasion where people were displaying their social-economic status rather than the unity now found in Christ.

All of this is not too surprising in light of all the other problems the Corinthian church had. Discrimination at a meal gathering was a common practice in the Greco-Roman world.

Consider the following passage from Pliny the Younger:

I happened to be dining with a man – though no particular friend of his – whose elegant economy, as he called it, seemed to me a sort of stingy extravagance. The best dishes were set in front of himself and a select few, and cheap scraps of food before the rest of the company. He had even put the wine into tiny little flasks, divided into three categories, not with the idea of giving his guests the opportunity of choosing, but to make it impossible for them to refuse what they were given. One lot was intended for himself and for us, another for his lesser friends (all his friends are graded) and the third for his and our freedmen (Pliny the Younger, Ep. 2.6).

It was the custom in the Greco-Roman world for the wealthy to eat meals with their closest friends, while serving scraps to the less important ones. It would be like me inviting two families over for dinner, serving one family prime rib, and the other ramen noodles! As Paul points out, there is to be no such socio-economic discrimination in the church. In fact, the meal is to be a special occasion where all believers stand as equals and proclaim the death of Christ as a community.

Uniting Around the Table

Even as Christians, it is easy to judge and discriminate against a fellow believer based on race, socio-economic status, education level, etc. and forget what truly matters. We must remember what the death of Christ means. His death not only blotted out our sins, it has also demolished the social barriers the world esteems so highly. His death means our old way of thinking is crucified at the cross and we pick up a new paradigm where Christ’s sacrificial love rules supreme over all. Thus, there is to be no discrimination at the meal, but only love of fellow brothers and sisters in unity.

Next time we gather together to celebrate the Lord’s Supper as a community, let us remember this great truth. His death was not only for me and my sins, but for the sins of brothers and sisters standing next to me. As a body, we proclaim to the world as we celebrate the meal that there is true unity and love that are not defined by the ways of the world.


//Eden Song//

Follower of Jesus. A native of South Korea. Proud husband and dad. Student at Fuller Seminary.






Study Questions:

Chapter 17

1. In the introductory paragraphs, I claimed that few, if any, other practices bring together all three principles of grace like the preaching of God's word and the celebration of the sacraments in the context of corporate worship. How do the graces of hearing God's voice, having his ear, and belonging to his body converge at the Lord's Table?

2. Refer to the section "The Gravity: Blessing or Judgment." Explain:

     a.) "the gravity" of the Table.

     b.) why it is so important not to handle the elements lightly and partake "in an unworthy manner"?

     c.) the blessing for those who eat in faith.

3. Refer to the section "The Present: Proclaiming His Death." Consider the corporate dynamic at work in celebrating the Lord's Supper. When we partake, we "proclaim the Lord's death until he comes" (1 Cor. 11:26). Explain or illustrate how a.) your participation feeds and strengthens your own soul by faith, and b.) your participation serves to strengthen and encourage others.


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Habits of Grace -- Week 8

Habits of Grace -- Week 8


"So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the Word of Christ." (Romans 10:17)


In Chapter 15 of Habits of Grace, David Mathis describes the great grace the Father has shown us in giving us the act of worship, and outlines the struggles we have with participating in it. Mathis points out that when we participate in listening to Christ-centered, Bible-based sermons, we benefit in many ways -- forgetting ourselves, filling our faith, growing in grace, being equipped, and encountering Jesus (169-171).

Mathis puts it like this:

"The act of preaching itself is a picture of the Gospel. As the preacher stands behind the Book, doing his level best to reveal Jesus afresh to His people, our Lord is put on display, not for give-and-take and the mingling of our efforts together in some mutual enterprise. Rather, we sit in the seat of weakness and desperation" (166).

Why, you ask, are we in this seat of weakness? A bishop by the name of William Beveridge said about what we bring to the table,

"I cannot pray but I sin.  I cannot hear or preach a sermon but I sin.  I cannot give an alms or receive the sacrament but I sin.  Nay, I cannot so much as confess my sins, but my very confessions are still aggravations of them.  My repentance needs to be repented of, my tears need washing, and the very washing of my tears needs still to be washed over again with the blood of my Redeemer."

I read this and say, "yup, that about sums it up" -- both my utter inability to approach God on my own, and my desperate need for His unending grace.

There are many things I love about Pastor Mike's sermons, but the one thing I love the most is the ending... *insert drum rimshot*.

No really!

At the end of each sermon, Pastor Mike closes with a benediction. “The  LORD  bless you and keep you; the  LORD  make His face to shine upon you and be gracious to you; the  LORD  lift up His countenance  upon you and give you peace" (Num. 6:24-26). In the text, Israel was desperate to encounter God. This benediction was given to them as a heartfelt plea to be in the presence of the Lord.

Like Israel, we cry out, "LORD LET ME JUST SEE YOUR FACE!!!! CAST MY SHAME AND SIN AWAY, AND ALLOW ME INTO YOUR PRESENCE!!!"  Well, brothers and sisters, Jesus has given us this wonderful grace in the simple act of coming into His house and worshiping every Sunday, for we come to be renewed by the Word and through the Word. We come to celebrate His death and resurrection. We come to be washed again in His life Blood, to be fed by His Holy Scriptures. The message is delivered by mortal man, but the Word is from God Himself, Who is from everlasting to everlasting.

Why, then, is it so hard to come to worship on Sunday and truly listen? We typically have some 112+ hours of waking life each week which we spend working, raising children, living life. Yet when we come to worship, we can't manage for a mere hour to calm our minds and train our thoughts on the sermon. We worry about our marriages, we worry about our jobs. We sit nodding in agreement to a portion of the message, yet the next second we have forgotten what was said because we realized we are having family over in an hour, and the house hasn't been vacuumed yet. I am truly the chief sinner when it comes to this, and realize how much I need to quiet my mind and focus on the Word preached.

Donald Grey Barnhouse once told a story of a ice factory owner long ago, who was touring his warehouse. During the tour, he lost his gold pocket watch. He later realized his mistake and informed the workers of a substantial reward to whoever found the watch. The workers stopped what they were doing and began raking the saw dust. Hours elapsed, and no watch was found. Lunch was called, and the workers left. Soon thereafter a little boy entered the factory, and moments later came out presenting the pocket watch to the owner. When asked how the watch was found so quickly, the boy revealed that all he did was to lay down in the saw dust, and listen for the ticking.

Each one of us has so much more to find than a pocket watch -- we are seeking after the priceless treasure: the very Son of God. He revealed Himself in the Scriptures. He shed His blood for me while I was still a sinner. And He continues to unveil Himself through the faithful preaching of His Gospel. Let this be my prayer: Lord, help me to lay myself aside, quiet my mind, and listen for that still, small voice.


About the Author

Josh has been married to the love of his life Megan for the past 9 and some years and has been attending Summit for the last year. You may know him best as the cripple in the back row. At the moment, his hobbies include sitting walking and sitting again (as well as nerdy pursuits too vast number). He is currently President/CEO/Head Appraiser/One-of-two-people-who-work-at the appraisal firm Forrester Appraisals.   



Reflection and Study Questions:

Chapter 15

1. Go back to the introductory paragraphs of the chapter. Locate the phrase "the climactic grace." Explain or illustrate why preaching, of the many elements of corporate worship, is the "climactic grace."

2. Refer to the section "Experience the Joy." Identify "the great goal of preaching." What is the goal of preaching? How is this goal attained?

3. List some of the five benefits of faithful preaching that are especially persuasive to you. Perhaps you've experienced other benefits. Add those to your list.


Chapter 16

1. Refer to the chapter's introductory paragraphs. Explain:

     a.) the phrase "visible words."

     b.) how baptism and the Lord's Supper are "visible words" for the church.

     c.) how the "visible words" of baptism and the Lord's Supper engage your five senses.

2. Refer to the section "Improve Your Baptism." Explain, describe, or illustrate:

     a.) the term "improving your baptism."

     b.) a time you experienced "improvement" through watching with faith the baptism of someone else.

3. Imagine that a friend has come to faith in Christ but is delaying baptism. What reasons would you give your friend (other than raw obedience to Christ's command) for pursuing baptism.


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Habits of Grace -- Week 7

Habits of Grace -- Week 7

 This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Ryan Beardsley shares his reflections on Chapters 13 and 14. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.


I don’t feel like I learn new things too often. Spiritual “a-ha” moments seem to come only once every few years. Maybe it’s that I drill down deep into the one thing I’m learning, or maybe it’s that I’m a bit slower than the average bear. Probably the latter. But that’s just the way life has worked so far for me as a Christian.

Since I came to Christ as a teenager there have been several big things God has taught me. Initially the big thing was simply the reality that Jesus is worth following. It took me years to grapple with the explosive implications of that truth. In my early twenties the Doctrines of Grace (or Calvinism) gave me a new grasp of God’s sovereign grace and goodness. Later it was gospel-centricity - the idea that the gospel isn’t just good news that converts non-believers, it’s also power for the already converted - that God used deeply in my life.

Why am I sharing this little auto-biographical photo album? Because the next big thing I learned from Scripture is essentially what Chapter 13 and 14 in David Mathis’ book Habits of Grace begin to deal with, the importance of the church.


Learning to Love the Church

Now I am by nature an introvert. I don’t, how do I say . . . like people. I’m joking. I do like people.  In fact, I love people. But I’m energized by time alone. If I wasn’t confronted with this new thing, the truth that Christians need the church, I would be the guy spending Sunday mornings by himself in the wilderness somewhere. I would find quite legitimate reasons to not attend church, have my private devotions, listen to podcasts of super-preachers, and come up with some spiel about nature being my sanctuary. You know the guy.  But I can’t do that. Why? Because I realize I was made for what the Bible calls “fellowship.” 

Mathis points out that this “fellowship” is:

“an electric reality in the New Testament, an indispensable ingredient in the Christian faith, and one of God’s chief means of grace in our lives.” 

In fact, Mathis goes on to state that participating in the local gathering of the church on Sunday mornings is the most important of all the spiritual disciplines. He writes,

“Corporate worship is the single most important means of grace and our greatest weapon in the fight for joy . . .”

So much for rugged individualism in the Christian life. That just isn’t the way God intends it to be.


The Formative Power of Corporate Worship

Participating in corporate worship operates as a channel of God’s grace in our lives, in part because it helps us cultivate the habit of accepting another’s leading. In our consumeristic age we don’t have much tolerance for services that lack production excellence and entertainment value. But God is doing something in our flawed services. He’s forming in us the practice of looking to him and not the preacher, to the risen Christ and not the worship leader. It’s hard to not be in control. But God is teaching us, like squirrelly children, how to be still and listen - because he loves us. He has something to say, again and again, and he wants us to hear it together.

He wants us together. That’s called community. And he doesn’t just want us together on Sunday mornings. This community should be woven into the fabric of our lives.


Community in the Mess

Community however, can be messy. Blaise Pascal once wrote that human beings are the glory and the garbage of the universe. New Covenant community created and sustained by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit can indeed be glorious. But until the Day of Glory, it also reeks from time to time of the garbage of sin. But God is in the garbage. He is in the mess. He is in the conflict and differing preferences and cultural idiosyncrasies.  And he is using it all to purify his bride. God is teaching us. 

And Mathis shows us that one of the things that God is teaching us is the importance of listening.  Yeah, listening. Mathis views listening as a vital and often overlooked aspect of robust fellowship. 

“There will be days when the most important ministry we do is square our shoulders to some hurting person, uncross our arms, lean forward, make eye contact, and hear his pain all the way to the bottom.”

I want to be a better listener.  I want others to feel helped when I listen to them rather than feeling like they weren’t heard and were merely being fixed or side-stepped.  What if Summit Christian Fellowship was filled with Christians who became skilled in the ministry of listening? And what if they became skilled in the ministry of listening because they were learning to love  the beauty of Christ’s bride, the church?

May it be so. 

I don’t know what that big new thing you are learning right now is, or if you even have one; but could I suggest you consider making the centrality and necessity of fellowship in the church your new thing? Look for it on the pages of your open Bible. I think you will find it there alongside the promised presence of God. Enjoy.


Ryan was born and raised in Puyallup before heading off to Minneapolis and Chicago for seminary. His journey has brought him full circle back to Pierce County and he is excited to serve as a part of the body at Summit Christian. In addition to his passion for Jesus and the Word of God, Ryan loves his wife Kelly and daughter Lucy, has a man-crush on Steph Curry and the Golden State Warriors, and once in a while enjoys subjecting himself to Karl Bogrand's crossfit bootcamp.





Study and Reflection Questions:

Chapter 13

1. Read Hebrews 3:12-13 and refer back to the section "Be the Means for Your Brother." Why is the instruction of Heb. 3:12-13 especially relevant for the community as a whole rather than just the weak, struggling brother?

2. Go to the section "Making Fellowship Official." What is needed to transform a "community regular" into a covenant member? What significance can you see in covenant membership for deepening life within community?

3. Complete or rewrite the following statements to make them true for yourself:

     a.) I have often thought about intentionally working on the discipline of listening.

     b.) Before reading this, I heard about the process of becoming a better listener from...

     c.) Some things I have previously learned about becoming a better listener are...

4. Bonhoeffer said, "Anyone who things that his time is too valuable to spend keeping quiet [by listening] will eventually have no time for God and his brother, but only for himself and for his own follies." (See the section "Good Listening Reflects Our Relationship with God")

     a.) Circle the statement (or add a statement) that best describes your reaction to someone who really needs you to listen:

  • My face reveals stress, and I think, "Hurry up! I'm extremely busy!"
  • I roll my eyes, tap my fingers, look at the time, and think, "Why me?"
  • Other:

     b.) How does good listening reflect your relationship with God?

5. Write out a short prayer asking God for his mercy. Ask him to make you a better listener by first and foremost tuning your heart to listen more carefully to his words of life and grace.


Chapter 14

1. Complete the statement that best represents your reaction to the claim that corporate worship is the single most important means of God's grace:

  • I agree because...
  • I disagree because...

2. Describe "the secret of worship" (see section "The Secret of Joy: Self-Forgetfulness") and how this secret should affect your perspective when gathering this weekend, and every weekend, in corporate worship.

3. What are some thing you can do to prepare your mind and heart for worship before the corporate worship on Sunday morning? What can you do the night before or the morning of to be ready for this means of grace?

4. Imagine a friend has expressed to you his disillusionment with corporate worship. He was beginning to think he didn't really need to be "in church" each weekend. He argued that it would be more beneficial just to listen to sermons online and have friendships with fellow Christians throughout the week. How would you encourage him toward the importance of corporate worship in the Christian life?



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Habits of Grace -- Week 6

Habits of Grace -- Week 6

This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Nick Dawson shares some reflections on Chapters 11 and 12. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.


“Maybe you never thought of journaling as a possible means of grace,” writes David Mathis. “It seemed like something for only the most narcissistic of introverts, or cute for adolescent girls, but impractical for adults.”


Exactly, I thought, before a wry smile crossed my lips. Why the wry, you ask. Because my two youngest daughters (Lyndee, 21, and Noelle, 19) though not adolescent by any means, both have kept journals for several years. They write down either verses that stand out to them during their Bible reading time, or their thoughts about the day.

That is journaling as a means of grace. And I deeply admire their dedication to journaling and to how God is at work in them through various means of grace.

Journaling (chapter 11) and Silence and Solitude (Chapter 12) as habits of grace are not habits in my life. They are the most difficult of the Christian disciplines because, I think, they require me to spend time in deeper thought and introspection. God, what are you saying to me, teaching me; how are you challenging me to think and act? Important questions for the Jesus follower, for sure.

Journaling and Silence and Solitude take time and brain power that I would rather spend, say, contemplating solutions to the Mariners’ inconsistency, or figuring out how I cast a vote for presidential candidates that most of this nation’s citizens loathe.
Mathis himself states that “Jesus left us no model for journaling; he did not keep one,” and that journaling “is not essential to the Christian life.”

And yet Mathis next states that “no single new habit would enrich [my] spiritual life as much as keeping a journal.”

I will admit that there was a time that journaling became a means of grace that God used at an important and difficult time of my life. Honesty before God, spilling out raw emotion and writing down my heart-felt trust that He would walk with me through this trying time to the end (and He did), was truly life giving.

Once that episode passed, however, the journal was tucked away into a cabinet.

While journaling is an excellent way to process difficult times, those are generally not in the rhythm of everyday life. Mathis addresses that well. Keeping a journal, he writes, “can be greatly beneficial in ripening our joy along the journey….Journaling is a way of slowing life down for just a few moments, and trying to process at least a sliver of it for the glory of God, our own growth and development, and our enjoyment of the details.”

And then the kicker: “Journaling has the appeal of mingling the motions of our lives with the mind of God.”

So I just might start a journal. I’ll keep my entries short at the start, as Mathis recommends, and take some moments – minutes – to contemplate what God is saying to me through Scripture reading, or in a Sunday morning sermon, or maybe after some minutes of Silence and Solitude.

Oh yeah, about that.

I’m the kind of person who, as soon I crank the engine in the car, turns on the radio or CD player (though it invariably is already on). Talk radio, sports talk radio, Switchfoot or Third Day, doesn’t matter. Noise is good.

My daughter Noelle used to ask me, “Dad, what do you think about when you’re driving?” Huh? How can I think about anything when Brock and Salk are discussing the Seahawks or Third Day is singing that “salvation is calling” (with the volume turned up). Notice, by the way, that she used to ask me.

To me, silence and solitude is a walk in the woods with the dog after six inches of snowfall, and that rarely happens around here.

But, again, Mathis reminds me how important silence and solitude are as means of God’s grace to my life. Jesus, Himself, often got away to pray and commune with God the Father. How much more important is it for me.

So turning off the radio in the car, or staying off of Twitter while walking the dog, are two ways I can cut down the noise. But just cutting down the noise isn’t enough, and neither is just listening to our own thoughts. The most important voice to hear in the silence, writes Mathis, is God’s. As a Christian, I very much need to “hear him speak, with even greater clarity, in his word.”

Silence and solitude “grease the skids,” he writes, …for more direct encounters with God in his word and in prayer.

For me, it’s time for more of those direct encounters with God.


Nick Dawson loves Jesus, his family, a sliding triple, and the smell of fresh cut grass and a new baseball glove.







Study & Reflection Questions:
Chapter 11

1. Refer to the section "No Wrong Way, No Obligation." What transforms journaling from a common practice into a habit of grace?

2. List some of the motivations for journaling. place a star beside the items on your list that apply especially to Christians. Circle the motivation that best represents your incentive for journaling.

3. How can journaling serve as a help to both your mediation and your prayer life?

4. Make a plan for journaling if you don't make a regular practice of this habit already. Draw four blank journal pages on a sheet of paper. Title one page "My Goals," another page "Types of Entries I Plan to Use," and another "My Schedule." Fill in each page with the appropriate information. Title the remaining page "My Discovery." Practice journaling for a few days and then return to describe what you discovered about the habit of journaling.

5. Craft a brief practice journal entry. Write at least one sentence of a prayer or a meditation on truth or a reflection on today's events.


Chapter 12

1. Read Matthew 4:1; 14:23; Mark 1:35; and Luke 4:42. What spiritual benefit did Jesus derive from purposefully getting away? How does observing Jesus' retreats affect your perspective on making time for your own retreats?

2. Reflect on and complete the following statements:

a.) My instinctive response to silence and solitude is...

b.) This response reveals my desire to/for...

c.) This response reveals my fears of...

d.) This response reveals my sins of...

e.) I need the Spirit's help to grow, heal, and overcome...

3. Pretend you have 48 hours away, by yourself, at a retreat center nestled in a beautiful outdoor setting. Modest meals will be provided three times each day. You will arrive early afternoon on Monday and depart late morning on Wednesday.

Draw a page from a personal planner on a sheet of paper. Include calendar space for Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, and a space marked "Notes." Enter your hourly schedule for these three days in the calendar space. List in the notes space items you would bring to your retreat. Perhaps look at your real calendar and make plans for an actual retreat.


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Habits of Grace -- Week 5

Habits of Grace -- Week 5

This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Barbie Haskell shares some reflections on Chapters 9 and 10. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.


The Difficulty of Denial

Everything about our society today shouts indulgent excess. Whether it's that jaw-dropping TV show "Multimilliondollar Mansions" or the Ultimate 32-ounce Big Gulp down at your local 7-11. Society's mantra seems to sing out strong and proud, "Indulge yourself! You're worth it!!"

And then there's Jesus who says, “Deny yourself” (Luke 9:23) and "he who loses his life for My sake will find it” (Matt. 10:39). Once again, we Christ-followers are face to face with the paradox of this upside-down Kingdom into which we've been called. And this not-so-much-practiced habit of grace called “fasting” seems to painfully go right along with this theme. Counter-cultural Christianity strikes again.

If we're being authentic, we all cringe a little, don't we, at the thought of throwing ourselves head first into this particular channel by which God has designed to release grace to us?

I know I do. I can go months on end without embracing this discipline… Ok, without being obedient to what Jesus meant for us, His followers. It's just a little easier, a little less costly, to jump into the other rivers of grace.

More times than not I enjoy reading my Bible, meditating and praying. Even memorizing can be delightful. But this one? It's a whole lot more pleasant to pretend Jesus didn't really mean it when He explained to the Pharisees that His followers would fast once He returned to the Father. Not maybe would fast. Or if. But would.  And well, being honest here, it's easy to rationalize that "throwing myself into the way of allurement" with those other habits (disciplines) should bring about enough grace into my life that this one doesn't seem particularly necessary.

Besides, deprivation. It's an ugly word.

But wait.

Deprivation? If fasting, like David Mathis says in Chapter 9 of his book Habits of Grace, is "an expression of finding your greatest pleasure and enjoyment in life from God,” then fasting is really feasting; feasting on the One who can fill our being as no food, no entertainment, no earthly pleasure this world offers could ever do. Fasting is really all about fullness!


The Pursuit of Joy

From this vantage point, the primary purpose of this spiritual discipline really isn't about deprivation. If fasting can bring about the power to "unleash us for the happiness of true holiness", then fasting is really an act of Christian hedonism. "Pursuing the highest good will always result in our greatest happiness,” says John Piper. And Flannery O'Connor explains it this way, "always you renounce a lesser good for a greater."

The lesser good, food (or entertainment or video games or whatever), is set aside for a season so the Christ-follower can "pursue the highest good" - God! This time of abstinence can help us focus our thoughts and energies more directly and profoundly on our Father and so "strengthen and sharpen godward affections" as well as "channel and express our desire for God."

King David was the ultimate Christian Hedonist. "My soul pants for You” (Ps. 42:1), he confessed. You're almost deafened by the hunger pains growling wild in his spiritual stomach. "My whole being longs for You." Talk about passion! His desire for more of God all but consumes him whole. 


Desiring God

And it begs the Christ-following question: Do we desire God on this level? Do we want to have that fervent, yearning passion of David to know Him better? Do we want to fill our mouths with the taste and texture of God as Bread of Life, Christ as Living Water  - or log into Facebook for the umpteenth time today?

Do we want to embrace this spiritual discipline of deprivation in order to gain a richer, deeper relationship with the Creator of the Universe and the Son who gave up everything to bring us to the Father? Or go on stuffing our lives full of good things at the expense of the Better? I ask myself, how desperate am I for God? Are there limitations to my devotion to Him? This much but no further? What are the boundaries there, for me? For you?

And so the question boils down to: How much do we really want God?

It may be swift and cold, this river of Grace called fasting. At first. But in the not-frequent-enough times I've jumped in, it has never disappointed. It seems to be one of the surest, quickest ways to become permeated with the rich, goodness of the Trinity; saturated with the empowering presence of the Holy One; awakened to the absolute holiness and intense love of Father God.

This particular current of God's grace seems to be able to strip away the lesser things to a much deeper degree than just about anything else; subduing the flesh and opening ears to the Spirit, eyes to the Holy. And oh, the hunger and desperation this God ordained discipline can stir within makes all the seeming sacrifice worth every hunger pain, every sharp act of will to deny self for more of Him.

Denying self for more of the fullness of God?

That's not really much of a sacrifice, is it? That's not really deprivation.

Seems more like a lavishly wild feast of pure, holy joy.

"Let us know; let us press on to know the Lord." -
Hosea 6:3


   Barbie Haskell. Abba's child. Wife to high school sweetheart. Mom to 5. Grammy to 3.
   Worship leader. Lover of books, writing, horses, guitar, quiet spaces, and all things family.





Study Questions:

Chapter 9

1. In the section "Taking Prayer into the Day," David Mathis quoted Tim Keller, who writes, "Everywhere God is, prayer is. Since God is everywhere and infinitely great, prayer must be all-pervasive in our lives." Describe the times and/or places in the rough and tumble of life that you find yourself sensing the desire to pray.

2. Refer to the section "Christ and His Company." What did you learn from considering Jesus' habit of praying with others? How do you see the importance of corporate prayer in the life of Jesus and his disciples and in the early church? What did a rhythm of corporate prayer look like in their lives?

3. Reflect on your own inclinations in public prayer.

a.) What statement best describes you?

  • I tend to pray aloud quickly.
  • I am often preoccupied with trying to impress others rather than genuinely speaking to God.
  • I am generally too shy or afraid to pray aloud.
  • I am often worried that I might say something wrong or that others will think that either I am inadequate or my prayer is.

b.) Complete the following statements:

  • In order to be part of a praying community, I need to....
  • God, please help me...
Chapter 10

1. Refer to the section "What is Fasting?"

     a.) Define fasting.

     b.) List some "good things," other than food and drink, from which you could consider fasting for some spiritual purpose.

2. Eating and drinking, and abstaining, reveal a lot about our hearts. Eating and drinking, though routine and seemingly menial, are not inconsequential but means by which we succeed or fail to glorify God. "Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God" (1 Cor. 10:31). Fasting (along with feasting) is part of a larger theology of food and drink. Spend a few minutes reflecting on the following three texts. Summarize, after each Scripture, what your own eating, drinking, and fasting reveal about the condition of your heart.

     a.) Luke 12:22-23: "Do not be anxious about your life, what you will eat.... For life is more than food."

     b.) Luke 12:19-21: "The rich man said in his soul, 'Soul, you have ample goods laid up for many years; relax, eat, drink, be merry.' But God said to him, 'Fool! This night your soul is required of you, and the things you have prepared, whose will they be?' So is the one who lays up treasure for himself and is not rich toward God."

     c.) 1 Corinthians 15:32: "If the dead are not raise, 'Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die'" (see also Is. 22:13; 56:12).

3. Reflect on your fasting experience. Describe or illustrate:

     a.) A time when you undertook a spiritual fast (not just missing a meal).

     b.) The conditions/motivations that led you to begin fasting.

     c.) The barriers in your heart that have kept you from fasting.

4. Take a few moments to plan a fast. Illustrate your plan. Draw a dinner plate, a fork, and a napkin. Add:

     a.) to the rim of the plate a specific spiritual purpose.

     b.) to the center of the plate a meal, or multiple meals, to miss (be sure to consider how your fasting plans might affect others in your life).

     c.) on the fork handle a spiritually significant action to fill the time you'd regularly be devoting to eating.

     d.) Return after acting on your plan to reflect on your fasting experience. On the napkin add the take-away you gleaned from your experience.


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Habits of Grace -- Week 4 Study Questions

Habits of Grace -- Week 4 Study Questions


Chapter 7

1. Refer to the section "A Conversation We Didn't Start."

a.) What is prayer? How is prayer like having a conversation between two friends? How is prayer unlike having a conversation betwee two friends?

b.) What does it mean that "prayer is a conversation we didn't start"? What are some things you learned from this section about the nature of prayer?

c.) What is the relationship between hearing God's voice and having his ear?

2. In the section, "The Great Purpose of Prayer," David Mathis said that prayer is not finally about getting things from God, but getting God.

a.) Why is getting God the great purpose of prayer?

b.) Which phrase(s) best describe your prayer life? My prayers mostly consist of:

asking for things / confession and repentance / talking with God / adoring God / enjoying his presence

3. There may have been times when you found praying difficult - perhaps that is true even now. Reflect on your prayerless times. What are the internal heart reasons that keep you from prayer? What are the lies you believe when you don't pray? What are the truths you ignore when you don't pray?

4. Which phrase best describes your satisfaction with your current prayer life?

I am totally satisfied / mostly satisfied / somewhat satisfied / not satisified

5. Draw two columns. Title the left column "Ways My Prayer Life Is Lacking." Title the right column "Strengths to Build On." Add your own "lacks" and "strengths" to the appropriate columns.


Chapter 8

1. Describe or draw your current or possible go-to spot for regular private prayer.

2. List one or two new habits you want to cultivate to enrich your private prayer time - or, if your private prayer time needs a full overhaul, write a new Private Prayer Plan.

3. Consider the content of your private prayers in view of ACTS. Which statement best describes your prayers:

a.) My prayers are generally a balance of adoration, confession, thanksgiving and supplication.

b.) My prayers generally default to supplication.

4. Many Christians are prone to downplay the use of the physical body in prayer, since its value in this life is relativized by the unseen and invisible (1 Tim. 4:8). However, what you do with your body often has profound effect on your soul and the state and health of your inner life. Consider the posture of your body and the use of your voice in prayer.

a.) What actions best describe your prayer time?

kneel / stand / sit down / lay face down / lay face up / pray silently in my head / pray audibly in a whisper or normal volume / pray in written or typed words

b.) Explain what your posture communicates about prayer.


*Study questions are taken from David Mathis, Habits of Grace Study Guide (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 2016).

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Habits of Grace -- Week 3 Study Questions

Habits of Grace -- Week 3 Study Questions

The publishing team of one was a bit slow the past week in posting the study questions for the Week 3 reading of Chapters 5 and 6. We apologize for any inconvenience.



Chapter 5

1. The introductory paragraphs in chapter 5 advocate a "change in perspective" when it comes to Scripture memorization. Refer to the section "Mold Your Mind for Today." Describe or illustrate this change in perspective.

2. David Mathis talks in chapter 5 about the interaction and relationship between memorization and Bible meditation. List some ways that these two disciplines work together to make for richer and more meaningful Bible memory.

3. List one or two of the five tips for Bible memory you think will be, or have found to be, most helpful.

4. Reread the section under "Take It with You during the Day." Look carefully through the two lists of gospel verses and passages. Pick two or three you don't know by heart. Develop a plan for learning these. Add your own gospel verse or passage to your list.

Chapter 6

1. Choose the underlined words that best describe how you feel when you hear that ongoing health in the Christian life is inextricably linked to ongoing learning. Complete the statements:

a.) I feel afraid/excited because....

b.) My feel fear/excitement may result in pitfalls such as....

2. You may be surprised to know how much ongoing learning is already happening in your life and the variety of it. Draw three columns on a piece of paper. In the left column, list the kinds of ongoing learning that you are already involved in. In the middle column, note the context in which this learning takes place (formal classroom learning, on-the-job learning, personal interest learning, one-on-one, etc.), and in the remaining column list the type of media that delivers the learning (traditional teachers, podcasts, books, online classes or articles, personal conversation, etc.).

3. Review your current schedule and patterns. Identify times that could be redeemed for learning in your regular rhythm and flow of life. Identify mindless moments that could be taken captive for growth. Describe or illustrate what you discovered.

4. Review your use of social media in light of lifelong learning. Identify who or what fills your feed. Identify the amount of mindless entertainment that distracts you. List steps you could make to take advantage of new and different kinds of media for the purposes of lifelong learning and your advancement in the faith.


* Study questions taken from David Mathis, Habits of Grace Study Guide (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 2016).

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Habits of Grace -- Week 4

Habits of Grace -- Week 4

 This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Pastor Mike Sandberg shares some reflections on Chapter 7 and 8. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.

Overcoming the Inertia of Prayerlessness

As I read chapters seven and eight on the discipline of prayer in David Mathis' Habits of Grace, I was pointedly reminded that my bookshelves are full of books on prayer.  In fact I have one shelf that is two rows deep on the subject.  I have all the best writers speaking to me on all the secrets to prayer – books by E.M. Bounds, Samuel Chadwick, R.A. Torrey, Rufus Jones, F.B. Meyer, George Mueller, J. Oswald Sanders, and the list goes on. And honestly, I have read nearly all of them.  I know more about prayer than is probably good for me. I am captivated by the wonder and mystery of prayer as I read the accounts of answered prayer in the lives of Mueller, Sanders, Torrey and others.  I am energized to pray when I read the accounts of men like John Hyde whose passion for prayer and his devotion to it, earned him the nickname, 'Praying Hyde'.1 Or Edward Payson, of whom it was said, "He prayed without ceasing and felt safe nowhere but at the throne of grace” and whose knees wore deep grooves in the hardwood floors next to his bed where he prayed.2

Yet, like most of you I suspect, actually praying is altogether another story.  Samuel Taylor Coleridge once wrote, “The act of praying is the highest energy of which the human mind is capable...The great mass of worldly men and of the learned men are absolutely incapable of prayer.” However, it is not that I feel incapable of prayer.  It is rather that I find myself trapped in the inertia of prayerlessness so much of the time.  And I continually find myself needing to fight the daily battle against that inertia.  I know that on the other side of prayerlessness lies a country of great liberty and joy and power in communion with Jesus.  I know too, that my progress in the faith will never grow beyond my progress in this discipline of prayer.  On the one hand, prayer is this incredible privilege we've been granted to have the ear of the Almighty.  On the other hand, our natural disposition and character work to keep us from that privilege. And if you have struggled as I have with this inertia, you've come to the realization that we need to discipline ourselves for the purpose of prayer.  To that end, let me share with you three little thoughts that have greatly helped me in this battle.

Start the day with prayer. 

John Bunyan wrote,“He who runs from God in the morning, will scarcely find Him the rest of the day.”3  The prayerbook of the Bible, the Psalms, are full of references to coming to the place of prayer first thing in the day. Psalm 5 says, “O LORD, in the morning you hear my voice; in the morning I prepare a sacrifice for you and watch.”  Psalm 63 records the heart cry of King David as he says, 'O God, you are my God; earnestly I seek you...' And the earnestly here carries the sense of 'diligently and early'. In other words, David was serious about finding God first thing in the morning.  The habit of Jesus was to rise early in the day, while it was still dark, to go out to the place of prayer.4  The best way to break out of the inertia of prayerlessness is to start the day with prayer. “If in the first waking moment of the day you learn to fling the door back and let God in, every public thing will be stamped with the presence of God”.5

Linger longer in the place of prayer. 

E.M. Bounds encourages us: “Much time spent with God is the secret of all successful praying…God does not bestow His gifts upon the casual or hasty comers and goers.”6  In Exodus 33, Moses prayed, ‘Lord show me Your glory.”  His one great ambition was to see the glory of the Lord.  And so he spent time with the Lord on the mountain.7 The Bible says he lingered on the mountain.  And when he came down he was shining with the light of God’s presence.  It took time for Moses to soak in the glory of God and return transformed.  It takes time for us as well. Satan will communicate frantically with us in order to convince us we don’t need to pray much. He will even make us feel good about just praying a little.  But it is time spent in God's presence that transforms us. That I think was the thought on Paul's heart as he wrote, “But we all with unveiled face, beholding and reflecting as in a mirror, the glory of the Lord are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory” (2 Cor. 3:18 NASB)  It is time spent in prayer that unveils our face to the transforming glory of the Lord.

Overcome the tyranny of the urgent.

The enemy of our soul hates prayer and one of his strategies is to flood our mind with all the things we need to do the moment we go to our knees. More times than I would like to admit my prayer time has been ambushed by endless lists of urgent tasks that otherwise would have gone unnoticed and undone. But the simple act of kneeling down in prayer brings them all rushing in like a whirlwind.  If we are to pray effectively, we need to stand against the tyranny of the urgent, and refuse to be derailed. Samuel Chadwick once observed: “The one concern of the devil is to keep Christians from praying. He fears nothing from prayerless studies, prayerless work and prayerless religion. He laughs at our toil, mocks at our wisdom, but he trembles when we pray.”8 
If we are to break out of the inertia of prayerlessness, we need to be constantly encouraged to pray, both through the word of God, and through the words of men.  And I was greatly encouraged this week as I read in chapter seven of Habits of Grace, these words: “The speaking God not only has spoken, but he also listens – he stops, he stoops, he wants to hear from you. He stands ready to hear your voice. Christian, you have the ear of God. We call it prayer."9 What a high and awesome privilege!  We have God's ear. Christian, be encouraged to pray. Start with prayer. Linger longer. Refuse to be derailed.


4 Mark 1:35 ESV
5 Oswald Chambers, My Utmost for His Highest, August 23
6 E.M. Bounds, Power Through Prayer, (Whitaker House, 1982), 43.
7 Deuteronomy 10:10 NASB
9 David Mathis, Habits of Grace, Enjoying Jesus through the Spiritual Disciplines, (Crossway, Wheaton, Ill., 2016) 94.

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Habits of Grace -- Week 3

Habits of Grace -- Week 3

This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Mike Stone shares some reflections on Chapter 5 and 6. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.

An Idle Mind

There is a saying, “idle hands are the devil’s tools.” How much more dangerous, then, would an idle mind be? Hands, after all, will only do what the mind tells them to.
Speaking from volumes of personal experience, times of idle-mindedness are not fruitful times. They are not productive or even really enjoyable. I am an expert at wasting hours lamenting that things are not other than they are. I imagine what life would be if I had made different decisions in the past, or if some challenge I’m facing was to magically disappear. I compare myself to others. I puff myself up and tear others down. Our minds, when left unchecked, are petri dishes of sin. If idle hands are the devil’s tools, an idle mind is the devil’s blank canvas.
Standing in stark contrast to idle-mindedness are times and seasons when, through intentional effort, I am growing and transforming my mind; keeping it occupied and engaged. Looking back, there is something absolutely special about the times I have been engaged in training my mind to be more like Jesus’. During those times, when I’m filling my mind with the things of God, there is a noticeable difference in the entire tenor and trajectory of my life.
In chapter 5 of Habits of Grace, David Mathis outlines the discipline of Bible memorization. He offers some very helpful, very practical tips on how to make something that often seems out of reach to me appear more like something I can tackle and grow in. In chapter 6, Mathis makes the case for becoming a lifelong learner, continuously saturating our minds with teaching that increases our understanding and appreciation of God - who He is and what He’s done.
These two disciplines come together to form a life that is marked by something very specific. A follower of Jesus who knows the Bible deeply and who studies the wisdom and learning God has given others, will display a degree of wisdom and Christlikeness that can be gained no other way.

A Constant Companion

No one has the ability to consciously choose what we think about at every moment. We are reflexive and reactive thinkers. How, then, can we change our minds so that the thoughts that pop into our heads, seemingly on their own, will look more like God’s thoughts?
I have a close friend that I spent most every day of middle school, high school and the years after with. One of our favorite activities was watching the classic TV show The Simpsons. We can quote, line for line, just about every single episode that aired from 1990 through 2002. When we’re together, about half of our conversation is original thought and the other half is Simpsons' quotes. We see things or think of things that immediately bring to mind a scene from the show and the dialogue just flows out. (A note to young men: this type of skill will not impress your future wives.)
We can have this same relationship to the words and thoughts of God. By spending time immersed in the Bible, meditating on it, committing it to memory and consuming teaching that helps us apply it to our lives, we can become people whose first impressions and default reactions reflect more and more closely the thoughts, principles, and values of God. What if, instead of Simpsons quotes, or sports stats, or home remedies, or pop psychology, the things that fill our minds and overflow into our interactions with others were the very words of good news God is transforming the world with?

A Light in the Darkness

The world is a dark place. The brokenness wrought by sin can be seen at every turn. A few minutes reading or watching the news will give you ample evidence of the destruction and evil we’re faced with.
God intends that His people, armed with minds saturated in Scripture, will be the bulwark against this tide of evil. Even more, God’s people have been tasked with bringing His gospel-remedy to sin and evil out into the world. God’s wisdom and His salvation are the antidote to human-made problems in the world. 
Christians who truly know God through knowing the Bible are the only ones equipped for this monumental task. This gospel-spreading mission comprises more than just memorizing verses, although it certainly starts there. We’ve all met people who can quote verses in various situations, but who do so in a way that comes off as glib or arrogant. When we pair memorization with meditation and learning, we can bring God’s truth to bear on situations in a way that sheds light and brings life. This is how God is changing the world, and as followers of Jesus, it is our duty and our pleasure.
Knowing what the Bible says and understanding what it means are foundational to being a Christian and to being an effective part of God’s plan of redemption.
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Habits of Grace -- Week 2

Habits of Grace -- Week 2

This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Megan Forrester shares some reflections on Chapter 2: "Read for Breadth, Study for Depth". You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.


Our Approach to Bible Reading

Ours is a culture that glories in getting things done. Accomplishments are often achieved simply for the sake of accomplishing, rather than to receive the benefit of the finished task. No stranger to the desire for the sweet satisfaction that comes from a fully-conquered “to-do” list, I’ve been known to begin my own lists with an item I’ve already completed, just to have something to cross off.

But reading the Bible shouldn’t fall into the same category as folding laundry. You wouldn’t sit down for 10 minutes to talk to a friend or to your kids, then get up mid-sentence and walk off, thinking, “Ok, that’s done for the day.” It is special time spent connecting with a cherished person in your life. Connecting with God through reading His Word is no less important; in fact, it will feed your soul the way nothing else can.


Box-Checking vs. Relationship

In chapter 2 of his book, Habits of Grace, David Mathis gives this very pointed advice on Bible reading: “Don’t let the push to check boxes keep you from lingering over a text, whether to seek to understand it (‘study’) or to emotionally glory in what you understand (‘meditation’)” (45).

That sentence stopped me in my tracks. I read it about 8 times. I am the guiltiest of box-checkers. I guess it isn’t helped by the inherent blessing/curse of daily progress Bible reading plans.

The one I currently use provides one passage each day from four sections of Scripture: Old Testament, New Testament, Psalms, and Proverbs. The plan is tracked by a series of daily – you guessed it – check boxes

Now, there’s nothing wrong with that, in and of itself. It can be a helpful tool to remember where I left off, or what portion I was reading during a particular time. But sooner or later, I get a few (or more than a few) days behind in reading, and there are all those unchecked boxes staring back at me. And I feel like a failure.

So, of course, I determine to tackle as many sections as I can cram into one sitting and power through to catch up. And then I wonder why I come away from reading un-refreshed, uninspired, and unchanged. The problem isn’t with the text, or that God had nothing to say to me in His Word. The problem is that I was too busy checking items off my list to stop and hear His voice.

The Bible is more than a historical account, or a manual for living – although it is those things, too. At its core, it is a beautiful love letter from an infinitely gracious Father to His beloved children. If I found an old letter that my Grandma wrote to me before I was born, would I skim quickly and then toss it aside? No! I would pour over every word, drinking in its meaning, studying the lines of her elegant penmanship, and basking in the affection that she had for me. I would do this because I love her, and I treasure what she had to say.

How much more should this be the case when I open the Bible! Let me linger over it, and let the Word fill my mind and heart.

When guilt or perfectionism would seek to corrupt the pleasure of spending time in the Word by reminding me of my failure to get through a predetermined number of pages, I will instead turn my eyes again to the cross, glorying in the boundless perfection of Jesus, and the wonder of His atoning sacrifice.

May I learn to say with the prophet Jeremiah, “Your words were found, and I ate them, and Your words became to me a joy and the delight of my heart, for I am called by Your name, O Lord, God of Hosts”. (Jer. 15:16)


Megan Forrester and her husband Josh have been a part of the Summit family for nearly a year. When she's not helping Josh run their business, Forrester Appraisals, Megan enjoys reading anything with a good story, playing music and board games, baking things she shouldn't eat, and cuddling with the world's most spoiled dogs.




 Questions for Study and Reflection:

1. Donald Whitney says, "The basic difference between Bible reading and Bible study is simply a pen and paper (or some other means of preserving your thoughts)." What do you think he means?

2. In Chapter 2, read from the section "More Than Just Raking" through the end of the chapter (pp. 49-54). Is your natural inclination to dig or to rake? How can you compensate for your natural bent toward one of these two practices?

3. Read Chapter 3. How would you define Christian meditation? How is it distinct from meditation in other worldviews?

4. Refer to the section in Chapter 3 "Meditation Is the Missing Link". How do you think that meditation connects hearing God's voice in his Word to having his ear in prayer?

5. Thomas Watson, the English Puritan author and pastor, said, "The reason we come away so cold from reading the word is, because we do not warm ourselves at the fire of meditation." Consider your own recent attempts at Bible reading without meditation, then answer the following questions:

a.) Did you come away cold?

b.) What was your heart truly looking for in God's Word?

c.) What was needed to warm your heart?

6. Consider your regular habits of hearing God's voice in the Scriptures. List ways to make meditation a consistent high point.

7. Read Chapter 4. Some people come to the Bible looking for things to do. Others come to the Bible to see and feel. Describe or illustrate the results of each approach.

8. In the section in Chapter 4 "God's Word is for Seeing," John Piper was quoted as saying, "We go to the Bible to be astonished, to be amazed at God and Christ and the cross and grace and the gospel." David Mathis noted that astonishment is the most important scriptural application to pursue. Why is astonishment so important? Does this statement change how you come to your daily Bible reading?

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Habits of Grace -- Week 1

Habits of Grace -- Week 1

This summer we are taking 10 weeks to read together David Mathis' book Habits of Grace. Each week different people will post their thoughts and reflections following our reading schedule. This week Ben Sansburn looks at the overall theme of the means of grace laid out in the book's introduction. You can download a PDF of the 10-week reading schedule here.

Grace Unleashed

The high winter tide of God’s grace, in all its untamed, unconstrained grandeur, has risen on the shore of this world in Jesus Christ. The glorious news of the gospel is that this grace has flooded in and sweeps up undeserving rebel sinners into God’s cosmic redemption. God is restoring us as bearers of his image. He is returning us to the goodness of the Garden - creating in Christ a sacred space where humanity can enjoy fellowship with the Triune God, where we know and love him and are known and loved by him, a space where we are transformed to reflect the beautiful image of his Son.

We’re reading David Mathis’ book Habits of Grace as a community this summer because our hearts need to grasp the height and depth and breadth of this grace. God’s grace hasn’t just rescued us from sin and death, it is working in us daily to produce life. Through the grace of the gospel, the life of the age to come is working in us now the transformation we’ll experience in full when Jesus returns.

But this transformation is not inevitable. If you’ve experienced at all the far too influential echo of your old-self — your sinful self-obsession and tendency toward self-gratification — you recognize this reality. We don’t just jump into the tide of God’s grace to be passively carried along in the current to glory. So how does authentic, meaningful transformation happen in our lives?

Laying in the Way of Grace

It’s here that the means of grace interrupt us. God has seen fit not to just tell us that living water is available for our sustenance, he gives us means to tap it.  There are what David Mathis calls, “regular channels” for availing ourselves of God’s lavish grace; well worn paths “where [God] has promised his blessings.” These spiritual disciplines, or habits of grace, are practices around which we shape our lives in order to receive God’s ever-flowing grace. They are ways, as Jonathan Edwards explains, of “laying ourselves in the way of allurement.” The rest of Mathis’ book will examine these habits under three headings: hearing God’s voice, having his ear, and belong to his body.

What bothers us though, or at least bothers me, is that these rhythms of grace are far too mundane. They seem ordinary, trivial, or even *cough* boring. In our culture of instant gratification, fad diets, and reality TV, the thought that God dispenses his grace through such commonplace means as reading your Bible, praying, and meeting with other believers seems all too ordinary.

Yet isn’t this fitting? The story of the Bible is centered on a God who delights to use the ordinary to accomplish what is extraordinary. From dust, humanity. A shepherd-boy is Israel’s covenant-king. The world’s Rescuer, born in a manger. If we know the God of the dirt and the stable, it shouldn’t surprise us that he would employ such simple everyday tools to do his re-forming work in us. The question for us as we shape our rhythms and routines around such simple practices is, “Are we willing for supernatural transformation to look so, well…. natural?”  

The Purpose of Grace

A quick point we must remember as we focus on the means of grace this summer. The catalyst of our re-formation as image-bearers is not these channels or pathways, but God’s grace itself. It is not because of our best efforts that God’s grace works in us, but often despite them. If we don’t understand this, the means of grace can easily become spiritual measuring sticks we use to evaluate ourselves and others, and beat those who don’t measure up. The goal of the means of grace is God himself, not merely an outward, illusory form of spiritual maturity.

So let’s press in together over the next 10 weeks toward the goal of God’s abounding grace (as it works in us through grace-ward habits) — to “know…. the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom [he] has sent” (John 17:3). My hope and prayer is that this book and our study of it equips you to receive and enjoy his grace in deeper and fuller ways than you ever have.


Questions for Study and Reflection*:

1. Review the section “Flooding the Future” on p. 24. God’s grace stretches back into eternity past and forward into eternity future. Ponder that and complete the following:

a.) State a surprising fact that you learned from this section about God’s grace.

b.) Draw a timeline and title it “God’s Grace in My Life.” Add and label points on the line to represent the stages of life you have passed through up to now (infancy, childhood, adolescence, young adult, etc.) Add notes to the timeline that identify the ways God’s grace came to you at these different points in your life, the way God’s grace came to you before the timeline began, and the way God’s grace will continue after it ends.

2. Carefully read Romans 15:18; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Philippians 2:12-13; Colossians 1:29; Hebrews 13:20-21; and 1 Peter 4:11. Explain or illustrate with a drawing the dynamic of God working in you through your effort and actions.

3. Read Philippians 3:7-8; John 17:3; and Hosea 6:3. Most likely, you want to cultivate habits of grace in your own life because you are aiming for one or more specific goals. Write your goal(s) out.


* Study and Reflection questions taken from the Habits of Grace Study Guide. 

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Worldview Ground Zero: Connect

Worldview Ground Zero: Connect
Last week we looked at how story shapes the way we see everything in the world. You can read it here. This week, we're going to explore the ways in which understanding worldview will shape our Christian lives through discipleship. 
The Christian life, the Christian world in fact, is founded on the gospel. The gospel is a big idea, but at its very core it is basically the truth that God’s primary business in our world is fixing everything that sin has broken. This begins with the redemption of souls, but extends to every negative consequence of sin in our world. Death, sickness, hate, hunger; all the things people point to and say, “Look at that. Where is God in that?” God is, through the message of the gospel, transforming the lives of people who then go out and right those wrongs.
God has decided, in His wisdom, that His message would spread and His people would multiply through one person coming alongside another, sharing the Good News, sharing life, walking together and then reaching out to ever more and more people. Our human relationships, in all their imperfection, variations, and deep complexity, are the very means God is using to fix what sin has broken. It all begins with people, changed by God, and spirals out from there.
Our mission as Christians is a mission that’s built on relationships with other people. Those other people are seeing and experiencing everything, including you, through the lens of their worldview. 
When we’re interacting with another person, we tend to approach them as 'actions determined by a set of beliefs.’ This is incomplete.  It’s easy, because we can simply outline for them a new belief system, and if they reject it, whatever consequences their actions bring about are their own problem. That approach doesn’t work though, because people are not primarily a belief system. There is a more foundational force at work. People are primarily made up of a story. That story gets written by their personal experiences, then it shapes their worldview, which in turn has created or adopted a belief system as a means of finding redemption, a way of ‘fixing’ what can only be fixed by God through the gospel.
Relationships are formed when we make connections with other people. Once we understand that everyone has a story that has shaped the way they see the world, then we can set about the hard work of becoming familiar with that story, and at the same time share our own stories, which is the only way to create the type of connections with others that can powerfully facilitate the life-altering change of the gospel. These relationships are the foundation of discipleship. 
In addition to being critical to forming those life-changing discipleship relationships, our worldviews themselves are a target of the gospel change God is bringing about in the world. Our worldviews have to be brought in line with God’s ultimate reality. No longer can we interpret things solely through the lens of our experiences. We must also, perhaps primarily, interpret everything through the lens of Scripture. We have to learn what the Bible says about the true nature of things, and with the help of the Holy Spirit see things the way they really are. This is what Paul is talking about in Romans when he said we need to be transformed by the renewing of our minds.
Our worldview has a lot to do with our identity. In our individual stories, we tend to put ourselves in the role of either God or victim. Either of these false identities will create all manner of behavior that does not glorify God. In this way, our worldview determines our identity, which determines our actions. In a biblical worldview, we see ourselves as children of God, co-heirs with Christ, saved by Jesus’ work on the cross, and made righteous by faith. In this way, sanctification, the process by which God is making us more and more like Jesus, is really a question of worldview. Instead of a worldview which leads to a false identity and sinful behavior, we are given access to a redeemed worldview and a true identity and righteous behavior.
Beyond identity, there are myriad ways in which our worldviews must be brought into sync with God's ultimate reality. The question many people struggle with is: how? How do we see the lens we are looking through? Again, the answer is discipleship. Even for mature Christians, discipleship and community are the primary means by which we can begin to examine and understand and participate in the reformation of our own worldviews. As we walk closely with other Christians, especially in intentional, accountable, transparent discipleship relationships, the people around us are constantly exposing our assumptions. This happens when others confront us directly as we expose our thoughts and feelings in meaningful conversation, it happens as they observe us, and it happens as we observe them reacting to situations differently than we might.
As you consider the effects of worldview, if you're a Christian, look back along your walk with Jesus. I’m sure you can trace a line through all of the ways that God is reshaping you by bringing your worldview into line with His. It's inevitable. Every Christian will experience an ever-increasing love for others and distaste for sin. That's initiated by a change in worldview. I'm sure you can see too, how through that process God has made your relationship with Him more full and fulfilling, how He has drawn you closer to Himself and how your joy in Him has increased. If you desire more of this, and if you desire it for others, the key to seeing this happening is strong discipleship relationships based on an understanding of worldviews, ours and others, and how the gospel changes them.
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Worldview Ground Zero: Story

Worldview Ground Zero: Story

On Monday, Mar. 14th, at Summit, we had our first GCM Equip, a teaching time focused on equipping leaders at Summit to think through and apply our three core values of Gospel, Community & Mission. We heard from Derek Hiebert, a professor at Western Theological Seminary, who taught and discussed with us a powerful perspective on discipleship! 

In The Weight of Glory, CS Lewis wrote “There are no ordinary people. You have never talked to a mere mortal."

This idea was on display as Derek led us through the principles of worldview-based discipleship. Everyone of us has a unique story. Who we are as people is a composite, made up of so many factors. Our upbringing, our socio-economic status, our relationships, the countries, regions, and towns we live in, almost every single thing we encounter and interact with shapes us and all of our perspectives and perceptions to varying degrees. This is called a worldview.

As Derek taught, it’s helpful to think about worldview as the lens we see and experience everything through. How is it possible that four different people can look at the same painting, or hear the same song, or witness the same event, and come away with four drastically different impressions as to what it was they were observing? The answer is that no one sees anything exactly as it is.

Each person brings opinions, impressions, biases, and prejudices to everything, which inevitably shapes the way they experience things. Why do some people prefer one type of music, while others revile it? While there might be some neurological reasons, there are certainly worldview reasons. Our preferences might be based on those of our friends or parents, or the messages we receive about the cultural connotation of different musical genres. All of our senses are filtered through our worldview.

You have definitely experienced worldview in action, maybe without even knowing it. The lens analogy is very appropriate because, as any person with glasses will tell you, you’re not often even aware that you’re seeing things through them. 

Here are some examples to help illustrate and explain:

-A friend of mine grew up in a home where there was not always enough food for everyone. Now, even though he always has plenty to eat, when we share a meal, he is often very guarded and terse. He holds his arm around his plate, eats quickly and says very little. Before I knew the story behind his behavior, I assumed he was just bad dinner company. After understanding the experiences that shaped the way he sees the world, I saw that what I needed to do was change my expectations of what a meal would be like with this friend and enjoy other types of socializing.

-When I was young, my dad always fixed anything he could, rather than paying someone else to fix it or replacing it. He was particularly skilled with auto mechanics. I never really considered that there were kids with dads who did not do this. When I was maybe 10, I was at a friend’s house and his dad said that he was taking their car in for an oil change. I was totally befuddled! Looking back now, it seems obvious. There are places you can take a car to get the oil changed; someone must be taking their car there. At the time though, it really didn’t occur to me that my experience and understanding of how things work might be, in some ways, particular to me; and that conversely, other people have very different assumptions on how life and the world works.

These are just a couple of examples, but I hope it helps you see how a person’s story radically affects the way they see the world, other people, and everything else. 

Next week we will attempt to answer the critical question: Why is this important to discipleship?

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